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Cruciform Casualty Triage System (Box of 10 Cards)

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  • Product Details
  • Usage Advice & Notes
  • List of User Organisations
The Cruciform system provides, in one box, an effective method of relaying information about the dead and injured from the scene of an incident to the final destination.

The system can be used to sieve and/or sort victims and to mark the scene; it identifies records, personal possessions, associated child/close relatives and even separated body parts using a unique number/barcode number strip with numbered wrist band.

It can also be used by Victims Bureau staff or police liaison officers at hospitals and/or temporary facilities/body stores. It provides a verifiable link between victim and possessions, which may have been bagged for forensic examination in the event of contamination, explosive incident or other actual or potentially criminal acts. Fire service staff will find it useful for decontamination incidents where victims need to be unclothed and decontaminated and their bag of clothing and other possession identified.


Contents in Cruciform® Casualty Triage System (Box of 10 Cards):

  • A Triage Sieve guidance and casualty numbers card
  • 10 expandable, amendable Cruciform® cards
  • Cards are secured via elastic loop and contained in a liquid-proof, sealable bag
  • Per card, a set of uniquely numbered/GS1 bar-coded stickers with wristband
  • Other supporting documentation and pen​


Key Features

  • Cruciform® is available in a number of major languages and is endorsed by clinical practitioners and major disaster specialists in the UK as well as France and Spain.
  • It is used by a large number of hospitals for major incident response, and is highly regarded in pre-hospital emergency care.
  • Cruciform® is ideal for decontamination problems, as it enables casualty and clothing to be linked for forensic purposes as well as for tracing rescuers and hospital staff who may have been exposed to a contaminant.
  • Cruciform® will assist with clinical audit due to its carefully formulated contents and the unique GS1 numbering/barcode system.
  • Police investigators and coroner's officers find the system enables them to improve both the accuracy and speed of their investigations and it can prove particularly beneficial in linking all rescuers who have been involved with a specific victim.

The Triage Sieve

Triage usually begins with a process known as "sieving" or sorting casualties and victims in a particular incident. The Cruciform Triage Sieve card provides an at-a-glance reminder of the process for juniors, medics and volunteers that may be unfamiliar with the process.

This simple guide allows the rescuer to quickly sieve multiple victims into a logical order of priority so that the right resources can be brought to the scene to deal with the various victim categories.


Triage Sieve (back)


The Triage Sieve is designed for initial sieving / sorting of victims, typically at the scene. The reverse of the sieve card allows for quick collation of victim numbers and for initial priorities to be assigned.

Victims are given a barcoded wristband, which has the same GS1 barcode number as those affixed to the back of the Triage Sieve, Cruciform® card and to all amendable pages. 

The initially determined triage category can of course be changed to a higher or lower priority as the victim's condition alters. Subsequent changes in priority will be determined by a more careful / qualified examination, possibly using the trauma scoring system (RTS) contained in the Cruciform® card.

Each Triage Sieve is designed for 25 victims. 

Also available for sale as single cards or in box of 25 cards



The purpose of the "Cruciform"® Emergency Documentation System is to provide, in one box, a method of relaying information about the dead and injured, from the scene of an incident to the final destination. It can be used by any individual, rescuer organisation, or service involved in handling the victims, at the scene, during transportation or in hospital. The card can be used to sieve and/or to sort victims and to mark the scene, identify records, personal possessions, an associated child/close relative and even separated body parts. It is also usable by Victims Bureau staff or police liaison officers at hospitals and/or temporary facilities/body stores. It will provide a verifiable link between victim and possessions, which may have been bagged up for forensic examination in the event of contamination, explosive incident or other actual or potentially criminal acts. Fire service staff will find it useful for decontamination incidents where victims need to be unclothed and decontaminated and their bag of clothing and other possession identified.

The CBRN-E "Flags" will enable rescuers to "flag" up anyone who may have been contaminated by any of these agents so anyone dealing with that victim subsequently is made aware of a potential problem in treatment and/or handling.

The card is divided into several modules, and any one or any combination may be used for each victim, depending on the skill and training levels of the rescuers and the other circumstances prevailing at the time. The card is packed with the red panel showing so that the victims with the greatest perceived urgency for evacuation/transport or treatment can be identified and highlighted first. The Triage Sieve and Casualty Estimate document, also included in the box, can be used at a multiple victim incident to rapidly prioritise injured victims using medically valid assessment criteria. The colour/number module can also be used by the police or fire service personnel, to identify persons for evacuation to/from specified locations, even if uninjured or uncontaminated.

The box of cards should be kept available in a bulkhead locker, emergency box/case, patrol car boot or other convenient place. Boxes of cards kept in a locked store back at the base or other fixed location are of little use to the rescuer on scene. The cards should be used routinely. Routine use will ensure familiarity with the contents of each module and that, in the event of a larger scale incident, users are comfortable with the system.

The Cruciform® system should be introduced to colleagues in immediate care medical schemes, local authority emergency planning offices and other emergency services, including the military and air/sea/mountain rescue organisations. In that way, they too will understand how it works and how they could use or add to the information it contains. This joint use will enhance partnership working.



  • Accident and Emergency staff including triage nurses
  • Ambulance technicians
  • Coastguard, lifeboat and mountain rescue staff
  • Emergency physicians
  • Emergency planners in Local Authorities
  • Fire service personnel
  • First aid staff at sporting grounds or events
  • Immediate care doctors
  • Industrial first aid staff
  • Military medics
  • Offshore medics
  • Paramedics
  • Police (including MOD and British Transport Police)
  • Voluntary aid organisation personnel (St John, Red Cross, St Andrew’s)


  • Any incident where resources are limited and triage priorities need to be made
  • Assess the scene, as normal practice, to establish the priorities, with the pre requisite of maintaining personal safety and the security of the scene.        
  • Having taken whatever steps are necessary to safeguard your personal safety and that of the victim(s), undertake immediate care of the victims, including resuscitation.
  • Having stabilised the victim’s condition, document the actions taken and injuries found, using the relevant Cruciform® card module(s).        
  • Hang the card over the victim’s neck or attach it to clothing. Apply the wrist band to the victims and take a numbered tag for your own records. Identify the victim’s physical location with the large numbered tag/sticker for subsequent police investigation. Stick the relevant CBRN-E “Flag” on the outside of the plastic sleeve, if victim may have been contaminated.
  • Transport the victims or arrange for transportation to the appropriate medical services (if required), monitoring the victim’s condition and documenting any changes found or treatment given en route. Use the Trauma Score Module, if trained and competent to accurately record the appropriate data.
  • Hand the victims over to medical staff, giving such verbal history as necessary to supplement information written on the Cruciform®. Leave the overlay admin sheet for the police to pick up.


Any incident where numbers of victims are high and which may be declared a Major Incident

Remember :- If there are no other rescuers or services present, the most important action is to provide the relevant control centre with information. First attenders/responders should not engage in rescue or life-saving activities until there are more rescuers on scene to assist.

  • When it is possible to go into the scene, take a box of Cruciform® cards. Use the Triage Sieve inside the box lid to remind yourself of the triage criteria. Use the card to quickly “sieve” victims. All rescuers should identify the victim’s physical location with the large numbered tag/sticker for subsequent police investigation. Stick the relevant CBRN-E “Flag” on the outside of the plastic sleeve, if victim may have been contaminated.
  • Place the elastic cord over the necks of those victims who appear to be most seriously injured, using the Triage Sieve criteria, or attach it to the most convenient part of the victims or clothing.

Ignore the least injured and the dead at this stage (though they can be labelled if time permits.)

Do not waste time writing down anything on the card but apply the wrist band to link victims and card and take a numbered tag for your own records.

Utilise the Colour Module only. Writing information and/or making adjustments to priority colour can be undertaken later, when more rescuers are available.

  • As the most seriously injured are identified, keep track of how many victims have been found, by taking off a number tag from the number strip before you leave each victims. You can also use the Casualty Numbers & Initial Priority on the reverse of the Triage Sieve. After this initial assessment is completed, the Incident Control can be advised that the initial estimate has identified - n - number of priority 1 victims. These are the most important from all services' points of view, and will be the ones for whom most resources are mobilised. Other priority victims’ information can be given, if available. The completed Casualty Numbers & Initial Priority should be given to your service’s Incident Controller so that total numbers of victims can be established (in conjunction with incident controllers from other services.) The victims’ numbers side of the card can be scanned/copied and/or faxed if facilities are available and copies given to the other relevant agencies.
  • When more rescuers arrive and the scene starts to become organised, the remaining victims can be identified and the Incident Controllers advised.

It is important that the dead are labelled as early as possible, to prevent waste of medical time. As the scene is, forensically, a crime scene, the police may also wish to leave the dead in situ to take measurements or photographs, and a "dead" label will ensure that bodies are not unnecessarily disturbed. When the necessary information relating to the body has been filled in, the card can be sealed in its plastic sleeve. The police may also wish to use their own labelling system for the dead in addition to the Cruciform®.

  • As time becomes available and/or more paramedic rescuers or medical teams arrive, proper assessment of injuries can start. The Casualty Assessment Module can be utilised for this purpose, and will provide a convenient check-list of injuries found and treatment given. This may the start of the “sort” phase.

Entering information on the card can be done without removing the card from the victims' neck. Push the plastic sleeve up and make whatever notes or alterations are necessary. Ensure that the sleeve is always replaced over the card to hold it together and protect it from inclement weather, blood, oil etc.

  • The Casualty Details Module should be filled in as soon as practicable. Lay volunteers or any available person can be used to extract this information. Each medic/ambulance/nurse/police/fire officer rescuer or volunteer should identify himself/herself on the card and peel off a number from the strip for their own records and/or to, for instance, identify fluid bags/bottles given, bag of possessions, associated child etc. This will enable subsequent evaluation of treatment given and/or to provide the police and legal authorities with continuity information about who dealt with that victim. The police can also use the tear-off the numbered overlay sheet on the Casualty Details Module to assist them with their Casualty Bureau duties and to identify those who had been involved with the victims prior to arrival at hospital. It will also significantly assist the coroner’s officers, if any victim has died away from the scene, either in transport or at the hospital.

All persons involved with the victims may at a subsequent stage be called forward to give evidence, and it is vital that everyone is identified. This module gives a convenient place for that information to be written down. All persons have a legal obligation to HM Coroner (in the UK) to provide evidential continuity of the handling of a victim who dies, from its location at the incident through its recovery to the post mortem examination The unique number/bar code will also assist rescuers in identifying specific victims after the incident or to clarify which victim had gone to which destination.

  • The Trauma Score Module may be utilised for the traumatically injured victims.
  • Do not attempt to use it unless trained. This is the only way to ensure that the information recorded is accurate.

Medical staff, offshore medics, nurses and paramedic ambulance or military staff will have no difficulty with this module, which will provide the receiving medical staff with a definitive and time based set of parameters specific to that victims' reaction to injury.

Seriously injured victims should have their trauma score checked on several occasions. TheTrauma Score Module allows this to be done on up to ten occasions. Ensure that the time each score was taken is recorded in the space provided.

After scoring the victims, the information gained may enable attention to be focused on those aspects of the victims' condition, which could be deteriorating. The information gained may lead to unsuspected injuries or suggest a change in the destination to which the victim should be transported. The control centre should be consulted regarding any changes recommended.

The Trauma Score Module can be used to record oxygen saturation, if the necessary equipment is available to measure it, as well as changes to pulse rates and pupil reaction.

If the Trauma Score Module is used up, seal the card and put another onto the victim to continue trauma scoring.

Victims scoring consistently at 3 or below are least likely to survive, regardless of the degree of medical intervention they receive. If choices have to be made on which victims are to be conveyed or treated first, preference may be given to injured victims scoring 4 - 12.

Victims scoring consistently at 3 or less may be classed as "expectant" and identified visually by folding the corners of the green/delayed page in to show red "flashes" underneath. This will differentiate them from victims who are classed as green/delayed because their injuries are comparatively minor.

The green/delayed panel can also be used as follows:

Fold the green page in to show white "flashes" - for victims considered dead by rescuers but who need confirmation of death by legally qualified personnel.

Fold the green page in to show yellow "flashes" - for those uninjured victims, who may be infested, infected or contaminated and could benefit from specialised transport. These victims’ plastic sleeve should also be “flagged” using the appropriate CBRN-E stickers.

Use the Additional Observations/Treatment given/Comments Module provided to document any additional information not catered for elsewhere, for example, known or suspected medical conditions, personal effects, suspected contaminant (plus action taken to alleviate) or next of kin etc.

  • Any pen or pencil can be used on the card, though pen should be used for permanence. As nearly all writing is on the white sections of the card, any type of ink or pencil mark will show up. The destination of the victim should ideally be written in black pen or felt tip to show up on the coloured panels.
  • Victims arriving in hospital with the card already attached and filled in, can have the original card left on until they arrive at their final destination or ward. The in-hospital priority for theatre, X-ray or other procedures can be determined by utilising the card panels, par

UK Organisations Using Cruciform® Cards

(Not an exhaustive list)

  • Hospitals
    • Addenbrookes Hospital - Cambridge
    • Altnagelvin Hospital - Londonderry
    • Antrim Hospital - Antrim
    • Barnet General Hospital - Barnet
    • Belfast City Hospital - Belfast
    • Bournemouth General Hospital - Bournemouth
    • Bromley Hospital - Bromley
    • Bronglais General Hospital - Aberyswyth
    • Colchester General Hospital - Colchester
    • Coleraine Hospital - Coleraine
    • Craigavon Hospital – Portadown
    • Countess of Chester Hospital - Chester
    • Cumberland Infirmary - Carlisle
    • Daisyhill Hospital – Newry
    • Derriford Hospital – Plymouth
    • Diana Princess of Wales Hospital - Grimsby
    • District General Hospital - Southport
    • Downe Hospital - Downpatrick
    • Dundee Royal Infirmary - Dundee
    • Erne Hospital – Enniskillen
    • Frenchay Hospital - Bristol
    • Frimley Park Hospital – Frimley
    • Haslar Hospital (Royal Navy) - Gosport
    • Hinchinbrooke Hospital - Huntingdon
    • Homerton Hospital - London
    • Hope Hospital - Salford
    • James Paget Hospital - Great Yarmouth
    • Llandough Hospital - Penarth
    • Manchester Royal Infirmary - Manchester
    • Mater Infirmorum Hospital – Belfast
    • Medway Maritime Hospital - Gillingham
    • Mid Ulster Hospital - Magherafelt
    • Morriston Hospital - Swansea
    • Newham General Hospital - London
    • Ninewells Hospital - Dundee
    • North Manchester General Hospital - Manchester
    • Ormskirk and District General Hospital - Ormskirk
    • Perth Royal Infirmary - Perth
    • Peterborough District Hospital - Peterborough
    • Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust – Portsmouth
    • Prince Charles Hospital – Merthyr Tydfil
    • Prince Philip Hospital - Llanelli
    • Princess Royal Hospital - Telford
    • Queen Alexandra Hospital – Cosham
    • Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother Hospital - Margate
    • Rochdale Infirmary - Rochdale
    • Royal Albert Edward Infirmary - Wigan
    • Royal Bolton Hospital - Bolton
    • Royal County Hospital - Brighton
    • Royal Free Hospital - London
    • Royal Hospitals NHS Trust - London
    • Royal Oldham Hospital - Oldham
    • Royal Lancaster Infirmary - Lancaster
    • Royal Preston Hospital - Preston
    • Royal Surrey County Hospital - Guilford
    • Royal Victoria Hospital- Belfast
    • Scarborough General Hospital – Scarborough
    • Scunthorpe General Hospital - Scunthorpe
    • St Mary's Hospital (Praed St) - London
    • Southampton General Hospital - Southampton
    • South Tyrone Hospital – Dungannon
    • Southport and Formby District General Hospital - Southport
    • Stepping Hill Hospital - Stockport
    • Stracathro Hospital - Brechin
    • Tameside General Hospital - Ashton-under-Lyne
    • Trafford General Hospital - Manchester
    • Tyrone County Hospital - Co Tyrone
    • Ulster Hospital - Dundonald
    • United Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust – Leeds
    • Wansbeck General Hospital - Ashington
    • West Wales General Hospital - Carmarthen
    • Weymouth & District Hospital - Weymouth
    • Whipps Cross Hospital – London
    • Wirral Hospital - Upton
    • Whiteabbey Hospital - Newtownabbey
  • Ambulance Services
    • Great Western Ambulance Service NHS Trust
    • Isle of Wight Healthcare NHS Trust
    • Northern Ireland Ambulance Service HSS Trust
    • North West Ambulance Service NHS Trust
    • Scottish Ambulance Service – Tayside
    • South Central Ambulance Service NHS Trust
    • South East Coast Ambulance Service NHS Trust
    • South Western Ambulance Service NHS Trust
    • States of Jersey Ambulance Service
    • Welsh Ambulance Services NHS Trust
    • Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust
  • Immediate Care Doctor Schemes
    • BASICS Doctors - Northern Ireland
    • Hampshire, Berkshire and Surrey Immediate Care Scheme
    • Kent Accident Rescue & Emergency Service (KARES)
    • Mid Anglia General Practitioners Accident Service (MAGPAS)
    • Mid Essex Doctors Immediate Care Scheme - (MEDICS)
    • Norfolk Accident Rescue Service (NARS)
    • Patterdale Mountain Rescue Association
    • Perth and Kinross Immediate Medical Scheme (PAKIMS)
    • Plymouth Immediate Medical Support (PLIMS)
    • Rutland Accident Care Scheme (RACS)
    • Scarborough Medics Accident Care Scheme
    • South Manchester Accident Rescue Team (SMART)
    • Sussex Immediate Medical Care Scheme (SIMCAS)
  • Oil Companies and Standby Boats
    • Boston Putford Offshore - Lowestoft
    • British Gas Plc - London (North and Irish Seas)
    • BP Explorations - Aberdeen
    • BP International Ltd - Sunbury on Thames
    • Chevron (UK) Ltd - Aberdeen
    • CONOCO (UK) Ltd - Aberdeen
    • ELF Enterprise - Aberdeen
    • Global Marine Drilling Co – Aberdeen
    • Gulf Offshore N.S. Ltd - Aberdeen
    • Hamilton Oil Ltd - Aberdeen
    • Havila - Aberdeen
    • Liberty Occupational Health - Aberdeen
    • Maersk Shipping/ Offshore Drilling - Aberdeen
    • Sea Lion Shipping - Aberdeen
    • Shell (UK) Ltd - Aberdeen
    • Tidewater Marine North Sea Ltd – Aberdeen
    • Texaco - Aberdeen
    • Unocal Britain Ltd - Aberdeen
    • Viking Standby Ltd - Montrose
    • Vector Seacore – Montrose
  • Armed Forces, Airports and others
    • Airbus UK Limited – Bristol
    • Astra-Zeneca Pharmaceuticals - Macclesfield
    • Belfast International Airport Ltd - Belfast
    • Bristol International Airport - Bristol
    • British Aerospace – Preston
    • British Army - Mahon Barracks, Middle Wallop Airport (AATC), Shackleton Barracks
    • British Energy – Hinkley Point B
    • British Nuclear Fuels - Sellafield
    • British Strip Products Plc - Newport
    • Ciba-Geigy Plastics - Duxford
    • Ciba Specialty Chemicals – Manchester
    • City of Derry Airport – Co. Derry
    • Civil Aviation Authority - Gatwick Airport
    • Condor Marine Services – Poole
    • Cunard Line - Southampton
    • Department of Health - States of Guernsey
    • Eden Centre - Cornwall
    • Emergency Services Project/Heartbeat Romania - East Sussex (UK Medical Aid Romania)
    • Eurotunnel – Folkestone and Calais (French and English variants)
    • Farnborough International Air show - SBAC Ltd London
    • International SOS Assistance UK Ltd - London
    • International Specialty Chemicals Ltd – Southampton
    • Maersk Marine Services - Dover
    • Manchester Airport - Manchester
    • National Air Traffic Services Ltd - Southampton
    • Orkney Islands Council and Health Board - Kirkwall, Orkney Islands
    • P&O Cruises – Southampton & P&O European Ferries – Portsmouth
    • Pfizer Ltd - Sandwich
    • RAF - Aldergrove, Coningsby, Cottesmore, Fairford, Leuchars, Lyneham, St Mawgan, Valley and Wittering
    • RN - Coulport, Culdrose, Heron, Portland, Raleigh, Yeovilton, HMS Illustrious
    • RNLI – Falmouth
    • SAS – Hereford, SBS - Poole
    • Shetland Islands Council
    • Tayside Health Board
    • The Event Medicine Company Ltd - Aldershot
    • UK Med - Stoke on Trent (UK Govt Medical Aid to Bosnia)

Organisations Outside the UK Using Cruciform® Cards

(Not an exhaustive list)

  • Hospitals
    • Beaumont Hospital - Dublin, Republic of Ireland
    • Groupe Hospitalier du Havre – Le Havre, France
    • Hospital Geral de Santo Antonio, S.A,- Porto, Portugal
    • James Connolly Memorial Hospital - Dublin, Republic of Ireland
    • King Edward Memorial Hospital - Stanley, Falkland Islands
    • Letterkenny General Hospital - Letterkenny, Republic of Ireland
    • Mater Misericordiae Hospital - Dublin, Republic of Ireland
    • St James Hospital - Dublin, Republic of Ireland
    • St Vincent’s Hospital - Dublin, Republic of Ireland
    • Sligo General Hospital - Sligo, Republic of Ireland
    • University College Hospital - Galway, Republic of Ireland
  • Ambulance Services
    • Eastern Health Board Ambulance Service - Republic of Ireland
    • Elite Private Ambulance Service - Cork, Republic of Ireland
    • Limerick Ambulance Service - Republic of Ireland
    • Midland Health Board Ambulance Service - Republic of Ireland
    • Mid Western Health Board Ambulance Service - Republic of Ireland
    • North Eastern Health Board Ambulance Service - Republic of Ireland
    • North Western Health Board Ambulance Service - Republic of Ireland
    • South Eastern Health Board Ambulance Service - Republic of Ireland
    • Southern Health Board Ambulance Service - Republic of Ireland
    • Western Health Board Ambulance Service - Republic of Ireland
  • Oil Companies
    • British Gas Plc (Exploration and Production) - Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan, Tunisia
    • Horizon Explorations - Falkland Islands
    • Kuwait Oil Company – Ahmadi, Kuwait
    • LNG PLUS - Eiffage International - Nigeria
    • Nigeria LNG – Shell International Limited
    • Qatar Petroleum – Qatar
    • Premier Oil Myanmar - Union of Myanmar
    • Schlumberger Drilling Services - UAE
    • Shell Iran Offshore Ltd – UAE
    • TotalFinaElf - Indonesia
    • Unocal International Ltd – Indonesia, Singapore and Thailand
  • Armed Forces, Airports and others
    • Aer Rianta – Shannon Airport – Republic of Ireland